School essay on olympic games
Students investigate the ancient and modern Olympics using a range of historical and secondary sources to learn more about the historical and mythological origins of the games; the rebirth of the games in France under the leadership of Pierre de Coubertin; and the broader goals of the Olympics, including nurturing the arts. Supporting Question What is the history and mythology of the ancient Greek Olympics? Formative Task List 10 people, places, or events related to the history and mythology of the ancient Greek Olympics. Supporting Question What are the goals of the modern Olympic movement? Formative Task Construct a Venn diagram contrasting the modern Olympic movement with the ancient Olympics.
Olympic Games Information for Kids | SportsRec
Supporting Question How are the arts a part of the modern Olympics? Formative Task Make a claim about the importance of the arts in the Olympics. Staging the Question: Discuss the pros and cons of school sports as they relate to uniting people. The Greeks themselves had tried to revive the Olympics by holding local athletic games in Athens during the s, but without lasting success. It was Baron de Coubertin's determination and organizational genius, however, that gave impetus to the modern Olympic movement.
Despite meager response he persisted, and an international sports congress eventually convened on June 16, He found ready and unanimous support from the nine countries. De Coubertin had initially planned to hold the Olympic Games in France, but the representatives convinced him that Greece was the appropriate country to host the first modern Olympics.
Olympic Games Essay
The council did agree that the Olympics would move every four years to other great cities of the world. Thirteen countries competed at the Athens Games in Nine sports were on the agenda: cycling, fencing, gymnastics, lawn tennis, shooting, swimming, track and field, weight lifting, and wrestling. The man U. The Games were a success, and a second Olympiad, to be held in France, was scheduled.
Olympic Games were held in and , and by the number of competitors more than quadrupled the number at Athens — from to 2, Beginning in , a Winter Olympics was included — to be held at a separate cold-weather sports site in the same year as the Summer Games — the first held at Chamonix, France. In about 1, athletes from 38 nations competed at Lake Placid, N. But the Summer Games, with its wide array of events, are still the focal point of the modern Olympics.
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Among the standard events are basketball, boxing, canoeing and kayaking, cycling, equestrian arts, fencing, field hockey, gymnastics, modern pentathlon, rowing, shooting, soccer, swimming and diving, tennis, track and field, volleyball, water polo, weight lifting, wrestling freestyle and Greco-Roman , and yachting. New sports are added to the roster at every Olympic Games; among the more prominent are baseball, martial arts, and most recently triathlon, which was first contested at the Games.
The Summer and Winter Games were traditionally held in the same year, but because of the increasing size of both Olympics, the Winter Games were shifted to a different schedule after The ideology of nationalism, which swept the world during the early 20th century, left its mark on the Olympics.
The Olympic Games Of The Olympics
Athletic nationalism was brought to a peak by Nazi Germany, which staged the Games in Berlin and used the Olympics to propagandize its cause. The Germans built a powerful team through nationalized training and scientific advances and dominated the Games in terms of medals won. The political overtones of the Olympics did not lessen with the fall of Nazi Germany. In the Munich Olympics in , 11 Israeli athletes were massacred by Palestinian terrorists.
And in in Montreal, 33 African nations, to be represented by about athletes, boycotted the Games to protest South Africa's apartheid policies. The most serious disruptions to the modern Olympics, however, occurred in and In , under strong pressure from the Carter administration, the U.
About 40 nations followed suit, including West Germany, China, and Japan, depriving the Soviets of their chief athletic competition and raising doubts about the future of the Olympic movement. Fear of an openly hostile environment in Los Angeles was cited by the Soviet Olympic Committee as the reason for nonparticipation, but most commentators believed the reasons to be political: the poor state of recent U. The popularity and financial success of the Los Angeles Games were, however, greater than anticipated.
The Summer Games, in Atlanta, Ga. The and Winter Games transpired without incident. The Summer Games were held in Sydney, Australia, to great acclaim.
In Sydney, politics took a back seat to the competition, although North and South Korea were temporarily reunited as their athletes marched as one country in the opening ceremonies. Though it has potential for political controversies due to its rapid modernization and its communist state-Beijing, China was selected for the Summer Games.
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The biggest influence on the modern Olympic Games is money. Commercialism exists side by side with the outstanding athleticism and the spirit of friendship imbuing competitors from around the world. Since the Games in Los Angeles, it has become clear that a city hosting the Games can anticipate a financial windfall, as spectators and sponsors converge for the event. Because of the tremendous potential for profit, the process of selecting host cities has become politicized, and there is a large potential for corruption.
In fact, a scandal erupted in late , when it was found that promoters involved with Salt Lake City's winning bid for the Winter Games had bribed IOC members, who were forced to resign; the Nagano and Sydney bids were also under suspicion of bribery. Athletes, too, especially in the "glamour sports" such as gymnastics, ice skating, or track and field, can reap tremendous financial gains for winning performances, through product endorsements and personal appearances. Originally, Olympic athletes were expected to remain strictly amateurs and not earn money even for endorsing products.
However, by the last decades of the 20th century, professionalism among competitors received official acceptance, as the IOC finally recognized that many world-class athletes were already functioning as professionals. At the elite level of competition in many Olympic sports, the athlete must devote him- or herself entirely to the sport, all but precluding the holding of a full-time job. The end of amateurism began in s in the Communist countries, where top athletes were supported by the state, but were officially considered amateurs.
To counter this, in the s and s athletes in non-Communist countries sought out corporate sponsors, in effect becoming "employees" of the sponsor. By the late s, restrictions were eased on athletes earning prize money at their sports, and professional athletes were permitted to represent their countries at the Olympics.
This now includes the star athletes who play in the American professional leagues, such as the U.
In addition, with IOC rules concerning amateurism vacated, many medal-winning contestants have cashed in on their Olympic fame with product endorsements or performance tours. Winning medals at the Olympic Games has always been considered the most prestigious mark of an athlete, and a source of glory for the athlete's country.
This has led to the use of performance-enhancing drugs by athletes, intentionally or otherwise, despite the health risks to the athlete and IOC rules prohibiting the use of these substances. The types of drugs banned include stimulants which can be found in common cold and cough medications; caffeine is also banned , narcotics, anabolic steroids, diuretics, certain hormones such as human growth hormone , and in some sports, beta blockers. The testing of athletes for drug use began for the Olympics in , at the Mexico City Games, but did not become widespread until the Games.
Over the years, as drugs such as human growth hormone have been developed, tests have been added for newer drugs. With such great rewards at stake, there are athletes and even national sports programs willing to use performance-enhancing drugs despite the risks to future health and the disgrace of getting caught. The best-known example of drug use is the East German sports federation, which had a systematic program for giving its athletes steroids from to During that time East German women suddenly dominated events such as swimming, winning medals in 11 of 13 events both in and Other swimmers suspected that the East German women were using steroids, because the drugs affected their physical appearance, but the team was never caught.
After the reunification of Germany, the East German sports federation's records were opened and the program was exposed. In the former head of the federation and the doctor who developed and administered the drug plan were convicted of systematic and overall doping. The former athletes maintain that they never knew they were taking steroids, claiming that they were told that the various medications were vitamins.